The Ilocos and Pangasinan Region
REGION 1: THE PANGASINAN AND THE ILOCOS Way back in 1572 when Juan de Salcedo subjugated the Ilocos, its area extended up to towns of Cagayan in the northwest. Pangasinan likewise has a territorial jurisdiction that included the present province of Zambales and parts of Tarlac. By the later part of the 19th century, the territorial boundaries of these provinces were diminished when some towns were annexed to other neighboring provinces. In 1988, the area of Region I was further diminished when Abra, Mt.Province, Benguet and BaguioCity became parts of the Cordillera Administrative Region. Within the Region’s jurisdiction at present, are Pangasinan, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Ilocos Norte and the cities of Dagupan, San Carlos Urdaneta, Alaminos, Candon, Vigan, Laoag and San Fernando . Situated on the northwestern coast of Luzon, Region I covers an area of 12,840.19 square kilometers. Predominantly mountainous, this narrow strip of land is bounded on the west by the China Sea and on the east by the western portion of the Cordillera Central. Its river basins are found in Ilocos Norte and Pangasinan. Region I experiences a relatively dry season from November to April and an abundant rainfall during the wet season from May to October. The temperature occurs cooler during the months of December up to February. The hottest months are April and May. In year 2010, the total population was 4,748,372 distributed as follows: Ilocos Norte – 568,017; Ilocos Sur – 658,587; La Union – 741,906; Pangasinan – 2,779,862; San Carlos City – 175,103; Dagupan – 163,676; Urdaneta –125,451; Alaminos –85,025; Laoag – 104,904; Batac City –53,542; Vigan City – 49,747; Candon City –57,884; City of San Fernando – 114,963;. The population count in 2010 showed a 4.45% increase from the 2007 record. Majority of the people speak the Ilocano dialect. Pangasinense is spoken in the central towns of Pangasinan while English and Filipino remain as basic medium of instruction in schools. An extensive road network links Region I to the other parts of Luzon. Sea transport facilities are concentrated in the Port of San Fernando and Currimao. The Salomague Port in Cabugao, Ilocos Sur and the Port of Sual in Pangasinan has facilities as a containerized transhipment port. These are primarily for the movement of goods. Air transportation is provided by the Philippine Airlines with available flights from Laoag to Basco, Batanes. The LaoagInternationalAirport caters to international flights from Kaoshioung, Taiwan, Hongkong and Guangzhou, China. The San FernandoAirport, now under the administration of the Poro Point Development Corporation (PPDC) has been expanded to be ready to take in bigger planes. Major industries include agriculture-based like crop production, mining, manufacturing and cottage industries. Tourism plays a major role in the economy of Region I.